Sports – IELTS Reading Exercise

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Hi everyone!

This week’s IELTS Reading Exercise is based on the IELTS Match The Headings format.

Read the following article on Ju Jitsu (a martial art that originated in Japan) and then choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below;

  1. The reasons for changing the spelling of Ju Jitsu
  2. What Ju Jitsu has taught the writer
  3. How Ju Jitsu is linked to other martial arts
  4. The more extreme techniques of Ju Jitsu
  5. The historical origins of Ju Jitsu
  6. Why Ju Jitsu provides advantages over other martial arts
  7. The principle behind Ju Jitsu

A  To a person not conversant with this art, Jujitsu may be considered as a foul or derogatory term in Japanese.  However, Jujitsu us one of the most effective and deadly forms of martial arts taught today.  Unique among other forms of combat, Jujitsu holds the position of a parent art, of from which other forms of martial arts such as Aikido, Judo and several Karate styles were extracted.  Jujitsu is a combination of all levels of combat.  It incorporates chokes, striking, grappling, nerve and pressure point attacks, joint locks, redirection of momentum and throws.
 
 B  The exact origins of Jujitsu are unclear, as most of its history was passed on in the oral tradition.  The few early written references show that its origins date back to Japanese mythology, where it is said that the gods, Kajima and Kadori, used Jujitsu to discipline the lawless and wild inhabitants of the Eastern provinces.  Therefore, by definition, the art is nearly 2000 years old, however records do exist which show that the art was being practiced as far back as the 8th Century, over twelve hundred years ago. Jujitsu was formalized and most popular during the Edo period of Japan.  This was the era of the Samurai.  Jujitsu was the Samurai’s main set of combat techniques, after the sword.  Jujitsu was a part of the Samurai’s fighting skills, something he could use when he was unable to use his favourite weapon.
 
  There are many different styles of Jujitsu that exist around the world, and many different ways to actually spell the name.  The original spelling derived directly from the Japanese was Jujitsu.  As the popularity and practice of this martial art spread across Europe, the spelling and pronunciation was forced to change.  This occurred during World War II, when the name Jujitsu had to be changed to Jiu-jitsu (pronounced Jeeu-jitsu). This name-change occurred because the Germans occupying the area at the time claimed that the name resembled the word Jew, which was illegal to be spoken.  Therefore the name was slightly altered so that the art could continue to exist and be taught throughout Europe.
 
D  Despite the difference is spelling, the meaning of the words is basically the same. The literal meaning of the name is the gentle art, however, since there can be many different translations of Japanese words, Ju can also mean soft, yielding, pliant and flexible, which are all important fundamental principles in this dangerous art.  Jujitsu operates on the notion that force should never be met with force.  Instead, to avoid an incoming attack, Jujitsu teaches to redirect the energy created by the attack into a counter move, rather than working against the attacking force.
 
 E  Jujitsu is sometimes referred to as a complete and more rounded art.  This is because it utilizes all aspects of different martial arts, combining both standing and ground fighting. Certainly a puncher or kicker is at a disadvantage if they allow themselves to be taken to the ground.  The grappler, or ground-fighter, is at a disadvantage to stay outside and try to use strikes with a striker.  Therefore, a martial artist with both standing and grappling skills has a better, and some may consider unfair, advantage over his opponent. Another advantage of Jujitsu is the ability to modify techniques to meet the needs of the situation and abilities of the student, as some techniques work better than others based on height, weight and physical capabilities and limitations. Jujitsu
 
  In addition, Jujitsu students are taught to do anything in their power to overcome an opponent, a practice that causes a lot of controversy in the martial arts community. It is certainly not uncommon to see a Jujitsu student being taught to gouge the eyeball, break or dislocate a limb, crush the windpipe or even break the neck of an opponent.  These techniques are taught to be used only in extreme circumstances, however they illustrate well the lethal nature of the art to defeat an opponent with as little time and energy spent as possible. It is no wonder that Jujitsu is taught to American and Russian Special Forces, as well as armies and police units around the world.
 
For me, Jujitsu has become a most valued part of my life.  It is not only about learning how to overcome an opponent, it is a way of life. It has taught me discipline and self-confidence, while helping me protect myself and avert possible injury in those circumstances where my friends or I have been under threat of, or in the midst of actual attack.  Though I have only begun to learn the fundamental aspects of the art, I have already established a confident grasp and deep desire to learn. As we live in a society where threat of attack is an all too common occurrence, I would recommend learning a martial art to anyone, and Jujitsu is the most complete and well-rounded combat style to learn.

As usual, registered IELTS Guy users will receive suggested answers by email over the weekend, and IELTS Guy subscribers will receive personalized feedback on their response.

Questions, feedback and comments are always welcome.

Good Luck!

 

The IELTS Guy

 

Healthcare – Feedback Example

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Here is a sample of the feedback that I provide to subscribers.  Below you will find a response to this week’s Healthcare writing exercise, and my commentary.

Accessing high finesse healthcare is a significant problem in myriad of poorer nations.This essay will argue the wherewithals of this problem and the relevant solutions followed by reasoned conclusion.

On the one hand, that healthcare woe in less developed countries has many causes.First of all, the public healthcare insurance only provided to the employees, so the joblessness citizens can not get this service.Moreover,the public healthcare has less quality as compared with the private healthcare.Furthermore, the private healthcare services is so expensive, so only richness persons can afford this budget.Besides, there are limited waiting list for operations and appointments in both public and private systems.Further more, there is no proficiency  in medical cadres , such as doctors , nurses and dentists.Besides, the shortage of medical awareness for citizens that affect adversely on wide spread of hepatitis virus C ,B , brucella,paratyphoid and typhoid diseases.

On the other hand, the governments of  the third world nations should do many efforts to overcome this crisis.Firstly, they should establish a specific budget to improve the healthcare sys.Besides, this public service should be avaliable for everyone freely.For instance, Britain provides a free healthcare services for every resident.Moreover, empowering the business men to allocate fund in private healthcare projects.For instance, in India has experienced a tremendous development in private healthcare.Besides, the health awareness campaigne that will decline the dirty diseades , such as obesity and heart stroke.Eventually, the richer countries should help the poorer countries in solving this problems by sending special cadres annually to aid in doing surgical operations, besides pumping money to evolve the public health ordinance.

In conclusion, despite the prominent healthcare problem in poorer countries, there are some reasonable solutions that can help in solving this woe.

Hi XXXXXX,

Your structure is an introduction, a large paragraph discussing the problems, a large paragraph discussing the possible solutions, and a conclusion.  Your introduction and conclusion are very short – try to think of three sentence paragraphs that you could use to make these more complete.

Using “one the one hand” and “on the other hand” doesn’t suit this question. We are not asked to give two sides of an argument , but to discuss two separate points.  I would delete both.

Your first large paragraph probably makes too many suggestions.  Look at your sentence beginnings; first, moreover, furthermore, besides, furthermore, besides.  It feels like a list.  It would be better to choose maybe two of the suggestions, and explain a little more about it.  Here’s an example using your point about the lack of skilled doctors etc,
“In many developing nations there is a shortage of properly-trained medical staff.  The high cost and time commitment required to obtain medical qualifications probably deters many from pursuing this career option.  As a result, even if hospitals are constructed in poorer countries there may be insufficient staff to provide care to the patients.”
Your second large paragraph has a similar problem.  Look at the first word of your sentences; again you are probably making too many points,and should reduce them and focus on the best ones.
There are also some grammar problems, but in your case I think it more important to focus on the paragraph and sentences structures.
I hope this is helpful.  Let me know if you have any questions.
Regards
Mike

 

Healthcare – IELTS Speaking Exercise

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Hi everyone!

This week’s IELTS Speaking Exercise is based on the IELTS Speaking Task 2 format.

The topic is as follows:

Describe an event where you or someone you know required medical treatment.

You should say:

  • Who the person was (yourself or someone you know)?
  • Why medical treatment was required?
  • What type of treatment was received?
  • What was the outcome?

If you would like to follow the actual IELTS test format you should allow yourself one minute to prepare, and then speak for one to two minutes.

As usual, registered IELTS Guy users will receive suggested answers by email over the weekend, and IELTS Guy subscribers can submit their recorded response and receive personalized feedback.

Questions, feedback and comments are welcome.

Good Luck!

 

The IELTS Guy

 

Healthcare – IELTS Writing Exercise

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Hi everyone!

This week’s IELTS Writing Exercise is based on the IELTS Writing Task 2 format.

Write at least 250 words in response to the following:

Access to good quality healthcare is a major problem in many developing countries.  What do you think are some of the reasons for this problem?  Can you suggest any possible solutions?

As usual, registered IELTS Guy users will receive suggested answers by email over the weekend, and IELTS Guy subscribers will receive personalized feedback on their response.

Questions, feedback and comments are welcome.

Good Luck!

 

The IELTS Guy

 

Healthcare – IELTS Reading Exercise

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Hi everyone!

This week’s IELTS Reading Exercise is based on the IELTS Reading True/False/Not Given  format.

The article below is actually part of one that I wrote myself on the Asian healthcare crisis, and which was published by Health Investor Asia.  You can read the full article at http://www.healthinvestorasia.com/ShowArticle.aspx?ID=3850

One note on vocabulary: The money that you pay for an insurance policy is known as the insurance premium.

Read the following passage and then answer Questions 1-7:

Less than a month into 2018 and already I have received invitations for two separate healthcare conferences targeting “The Asian Healthcare Crisis”. That the healthcare systems of many Asian countries face significant challenges is probably not in dispute. In July last year a public hospital in India made headlines around the world when it was reported to have run out of oxygen supplies, resulting in the deaths of over sixty children. The true horror of this event lay not in the headline but in the conclusion of the official investigation which noted the total number of deaths for that month was in fact a significant improvement on the figure for July 2016 when 292 patients had died.

Another less headline-grabbing but potentially greater problem is the aging population demographic of many countries in Asia. China’s one-child policy has made it the world’s most rapidly aging society, with the United Nations projecting that by 2050 over 27% of the population will be over 65 years of age. The grey wall of China will place a huge strain on the country’s already overburdened healthcare resources, and will require a dramatic rethink of government policies that currently place little emphasis on issues of aged care.

The third challenge for Asia, one which will be familiar to readers in many other parts of the world, is the rising cost of healthcare. Last year, the WHO released a report estimating that each year over 100 million people, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, are pushed into extreme poverty due to healthcare costs. In the Philippines and other countries in Asia there have even been reports of hospitals forcibly detaining patients until outstanding bills have been paid.

So, the problems are real, and easy solutions not evident. Governments in Asia’s developing countries have to date focused much of their attention and resources on economic growth, at the expense of investment in healthcare infrastructure. There are sound reasons for doing this. Economic growth in Vietnam during the 1990s reduced the proportion of Vietnamese living in poverty from 58% to 37%, meaning that millions more people could now afford access to at least basic healthcare. The problem in Vietnam now is the accessibility, quality, and cost of that healthcare. Government policy change is required in many Asian countries, but this is unlikely to occur quickly or easily. Another solution is sought, and the question that many are asking is whether insurance could be used to address these problems?

The short answer is yes, insurance could indeed be used to address these problems. However, there is no “one size fits all” solution that a country can buy off the shelf. What’s more, the introduction of insurance solutions will itself require change in government policy, in cultural attitudes, and in the expectations of insurers themselves. And, of course, there is always the question of who should pay the premiums.

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the passage?

Write

TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

  1. The number of deaths at the hospital in July, 2017 was higher than the number for July 2016.
  2. China is the world’s most rapidly ageing society.
  3. Healthcare costs push many people into poverty.
  4. There is a shortage of qualified nurses in some countries.
  5. There is no need to change Government policy in many Asian countries.
  6. Insurance could be used to address some of Asia’s healthcare problems.
  7. Governments should pay healthcare insurance premiums.

As usual, registered IELTS Guy users will receive suggested answers by email over the weekend, and IELTS Guy subscribers will receive personalized feedback on their response.

Questions, feedback and comments are always welcome.

Good Luck!

 

The IELTS Guy

 

Healthcare

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Hi everyone!

Our theme for this week’s free IELTS exercises will be Healthcare. To prepare, you might like to do some research on current issues in healthcare, such as ageing populations, healthcare affordability (the cost of medical treatment), the Asian healthcare crisis, and public hospital waiting lists.

As you can see there is some difficult vocabulary, so a little reading beforehand will help!

As usual, I will post an exercise for each of the four IELTS skills;

Tuesday’s writing exercise will be based on the IELTS Writing Task 2 format. You will be asked to give your opinion on a healthcare-related issue and to make suggestions.

Wednesday’s reading exercise will be a passage on the Asian healthcare crisis. You will be asked to answer questions in the True/False/Not Given format.

Thursday’s listening exercise will be a monologue, giving directions on how to respond to a health-related emergency.

Friday’s speaking exercise will require you to speak for two minutes on a personal health issue.

If you have registered with The IELTS Guy, you will receive suggested answers by email over the weekend.

If you have subscribed to The IELTS Guy, you will receive personalized feedback on your responses.

As always, feedback and comments are welcome.

Good Luck!

 

The IELTS Guy