Crime – IELTS Suggested Answers

 

Hi everyone.

Here are my suggested answers for this week’s exercises on the theme of Crime.  For subscribers, don’t forget to submit your responses to me for correction.

Reading

  1. Fears about drugs and other problems have convinced many sensible people that American Society is on the skids.
  2. America’s struggle with slavery was far bloodier than any other nation’s.
  3. Crime rates have always been much higher in America than in other affluent nations.
  4. The question is not how America compares to other countries but whether the traditional ways of containing violence have broken down
  5. The best available indicator of long-term trends in violence is the murder rate.
  6. Black-white differences in the incidence of violence have been diminishing

Writing

Our question this week was: In many cities crime is increasing.  Why do you think this is happening?  What can governments do to help reduce crime levels?

OK, so how do we approach such an essay?

The first thing to note is that this is an opinion-based essay.  No need to discuss other arguments or use an on the one hand/on the other hand approach.  The other important consideration is that there are two separate but related questions to cover.  So my plan is to have an introduction, an opinion piece on why crime rates are increasing, an opinion piece on what governments can do, and a conclusion.

My introduction will paraphrase the question, and set out my arguments.

My first body paragraph will give my view that the income divide is one cause.

My second body paragraph will give my view that providing free education would help address the problem over time.

My conclusion must link back to the introduction.

I will give example but will NOT cite fake research.

So here we go.

 

The increasing incidence of criminal behaviour is a worrying feature of many cities around the world. Newspapers report on shootings, assaults, thefts and a multitude of other crimes with a monotonous regularity. In my view it is the increasing gap between rich and poor that is responsible for this trend, and that one way for governments to combat it is to introduce free education for all.
Recent years have seen an inexorable widening of the income divide in many countries, with the wealthiest individuals commanding an ever-growing share of a nation’s wealth. Nepotism, cronyism, and corruption act as barriers to those of lower socio-economic status seeking a better, more prosperous life, and the resulting anger and frustration drives many to criminal behavior. Little wonder then that in countries where corruption is endemic, such as in Indonesia, crime rates are on the rise.
The structural inequities that sustain the income divide may be addressed at their source by making education free and available to all. The gulf between the affluent and the poor is established early, through access to better-quality education in elite schools. Here the privileged develop networking ties that later extend into their working lives, as we see in the public school system in the UK. Free and accessible high quality education for all children would break this cycle, and provide a more level playing field for those seeking to improve their standing in life.
Undeniably, revamping our education systems is a long-term solution to an immediate problem. However, crime levels have risen stubbornly despite a host of other shorter-term initiatives. By tackling inequality in educational opportunity we reach to the ultimate source of crime. It might take time, but surely it would be an outcome worth waiting for.

That’s 289 words.  I hope I have been able to show how an opinion needs to be sustained thoughout the essay, and that everything needs to be closely relevant to your argument.

Listening

1. In 2016, the number of recorded robberies in Victoria increased by almost 25%

2. When discussing crime figures, experts highlight that public perceptions can differ from reality

3. According to Professor Rick Sarre, police figures are always laced with difficulty

4. Professor Sarre gave the example of police having a crack-down on drunk-driving

5. The Australian Bureau of Statistics asks people whether they have been victimized by crime

6. In contrast to the headlines, New South Wales maintained an almost identical pattern.

Speaking

As always, feedback and comments are welcome.

The IELTS Guy

Crime – IELTS Speaking Exercise

 

Hi everyone.

This week’s IELTS Speaking Exercise is based on the IELTS Speaking Part 1 format. Answer the following questions relating to crime.

  • What problems affect your hometown?
  • Is the crime rate high in your country? hometown?
  • What types of crimes are common nowadays?
  • Do the police do a good job of maintaining law and order? Can they enforce the law?
  • What’s the best way to lower the crime rate? Zero tolerance?

 

 

As always, feedback and comments are welcome.

Good Luck!

The IELTS Guy

Crime – IELTS Listening Exercise

 

Hi everyone.

Today’s listening exercise is my reading of an article from The New Daily, an online newspaper from Australia, discussing rising crime rates.  Some of the vocabulary used in this article will be familiar to you from the exercises we have already covered this week.

Listen to the reading by following the link below, and then answer the following questions.  Answer in no more than three words.

1. In 2016, the number of recorded robberies in Victoria increased by almost  ……………

2. When discussing crime figures, experts highlight that public perceptions can …………..

3. According to Professor Rick Sarre, policie figures are always …………..

4. Professor Sarre gave the example of police having a crack-down on ……………

5. The Australian Bureau of Statistics asks people whether they have been ……………

6. In contrast to the headlines, New South Wales maintained an almost …………….

Should you have any trouble with following the link to the exercise below, you can find it on YouTube by searching under “IELTS Listening Exercise – Crimes”.

Good luck!

The IELTS Guy

Crime – IELTS Writing Exercise

 

Hi everyone.

This week’s IELTS writing exercise is one that a number of students have attempted recently.  Consider the reading from yesterday’s exercise as well as the vocabulary list.

vocabulary list will help in your reading of the article on crime.  You should also look for opportunities to include some of these terms in your writing.

Write about the following topic:

In many cities crime is increasing.  Why do you think this is happening?  What can governments do to help reduce crime levels?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

 

For registered users, I will be sharing my own attempt at this question over the weekend.

As always, feedback and comments are welcome.

Good Luck!

The IELTS Guy

Crime – IELTS Reading Exercise

 

Hi everyone.

This week’s IELTS Reading Exercise is based on the IELTS matching sentence endings  format.

As well as completing the exercise, consider how the writer has structured this article and the arguments used.  Collocations like “collective inability” are used, and the writer successfully links paragraphs without the need for more basic devices such as “furthermore” or “in addition”.

Read the following article from The American Prospect discussing violent crime in America.  Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-F.

  1. Fears about drugs and other problems
  2. America’s struggle with slavery
  3. Crime rates have always been much higher in America
  4. The question is not how America compares to other countries
  5. The best available indicator of long-term trends in violence
  6. Black-white differences in the incidence of violence

 

A. than in other affluent nations.

B. have been diminishing

C. was far bloodier than any other nation’s.

D. but whether the traditional ways of containing violence have broken down

E. is the murder rate.

F. have convinced many sensible people that American Society is on the skids.

—————————————————————————————————————————-

Almost without exception, Americans believe that violent crime is increasing. In the short run, they are right: Violent crime did increase between 1985 and 1990. But what really worries most people is not the short-run trend but their sense that violent crime has been climbing steadily for a long time and that the future will only bring further increases. Such worries are linked to anxiety about drugs, permissive childrearing, hedonism, declining academic standards, the growth of the ghetto underclass, and our collective inability to compete with the Japanese. Taken together, these fears have convinced many sensible people that American society is on the skids.

America certainly has more violence than other rich countries. Murder rates are far higher in the United States than in Europe, Japan, or even Canada. We also have more rapes, robberies, and assaults than other rich countries. But this is nothing new. Crime rates have always been much higher in America than in other affluent nations. Indeed, violence is part of our national mythology. We shed more blood settling our frontier than any other New World nation, and we made more movies glorifying the bloodshed. Our struggle over slavery was also far bloodier than any other nation’s. We have lived with this grim heritage for a long time.

For those who fear that American society is coming unglued, however, the question is not how America compares to other countries but whether our traditional ways of containing violence have broken down. Here the answer is more ambiguous. America is more violent today than at many times in its past. But it is no more violent than it was during most of the 1970s. Thus, there is no obvious reason for thinking that chaos is just around the corner.

The best available indicator of long-term trends in violence is the murder rate. An American’s chance of being murdered was relatively low in the 1950s and early 1960s. It doubled between 1964 and 1974, remained high from 1974 to 1980, declined significantly between 1980 and 1985, and edged back up in the late 1980s. In 1989 the murder rate was higher than it had been from 1983 to 1988, lower than it had been from 1972 to 1982, and higher than it had been from 1950 to 1972. Victimization surveys — that is, surveys asking people whether they have been the victims of crimes — suggest that non-lethal violence has followed the same trajectory. Furthermore, black-white differences in the incidence of violence have been diminishing, not increasing.

Nonetheless, most Americans are convinced that America has become much more dangerous. One reason is that American cities really are considerably more violent than they were between 1945 and 1965, when middle-aged Americans were growing up. But even younger Americans, who grew up in the late 1960s and 1970s, think America has become more violent. Here the explanation is subtler. When most of us think of the past we think of our childhood. Most middle-class Americans grow up in placid residential neighborhoods where violent crime has always been quite rare. Middle-class adults lead less sheltered lives. They usually work in cities rather than suburbs, and they expose themselves to risks to which they would never expose their children. When today’s children grow up and remember their youth, they too will think the world has grown more violent, even if the crime rate remains unchanged.

 

As always, feedback and comments are welcome.

Good Luck!

The IELTS Guy

Crime – IELTS Vocabulary

 

Hi everyone.

This week’s IELTS vocabulary list will help in your reading of the article on crime.  You should also look for opportunities to include some of these terms in your writing.

 

Permissive

Childrearing

Hedonism

Ghetto

Affluent

Bloodshed

Chaos

Placid

 

 

 

As always, feedback and comments are welcome.

Good Luck!

The IELTS Guy